Baghdad Tourism

Visit Baghdad - Best of Baghdad

Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد‎‎ , Syriac: ܒܲܓ݂ܕܵܕ‎, Kurdish: Bexda‎; Iraqi pronunciation: [bɐʁˈd̪ɑːd̪]) is the capital of the Republic of Iraq. The population of Baghdad, as of 2011, is approximately 7,216,040, making it the largest city in Iraq, the second largest city in the Arab world (after Cairo, Egypt), and the second largest city in Western Asia (after Tehran, Iran). Located along the Tigris River, the city was founded in the 8th century and became the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate. Within a short time of its inception, Baghdad evolved into a significant cultural, commercial, and intellectual center for the Islamic world. This, in addition to housing several key academic institutions (e.g. House of Wisdom), garnered the city a worldwide reputation as the "Center of Learning". Throughout the High Middle Ages, Baghdad was considered to be the largest city in the world with an estimated population of 1,200,000 people. The city was largely destroyed at the hands of the Mongol Empire in 1258, resulting in a decline that would linger through many centuries due to frequent plagues and multiple successive empires. With the recognition of Iraq as an independent state (formerly the British Mandate of Mesopotamia) in 1938, Baghdad gradually regained some of its former prominence as a significant center of Arab culture. In contemporary times, the city has often faced severe infrastructural damage, most recently due to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, and the subsequent Iraq War that lasted until December 2011. In recent years, the city has been frequently subjected to insurgency attacks. As of 2012, Baghdad was listed as one of the least hospitable places in the world to live, and was ranked by Mercer as the worst of 221 major cities as measured by quality-of-life.


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Facts and Stats for Baghdad*

  • Pollution Statistics in Baghdad

    Know the pollution level of Baghdad before you plan your visit.

    • Air Pollution 85 (Very High)
    • Water Pollution 75 (High)
    • Noise and Light Pollution 54.55 (Moderate)
    • Unattended dirt and garbage 77.27 (High)
    • Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 68.18 (High)
    • Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 77.27 (High)
    • Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 71.15 (High)
    • Dissatisfaction with Green zones and parks 75 (High)
  • Baghdad: Crime and Safety

    How safe is Baghdad for tourists? Understand risks and safety concerns that can hamper your travel experience in Baghdad.

    • Burglary and Theft 49.55 (Moderate)
    • Mugging and Robbery 50.45 (Moderate)
    • Assault and Armed Robbery 58.18 (Moderate)
    • Corruption and Bribery 63.64 (High)
    • Car Stealing 48.58 (Moderate)
    • Robbery of Car belongings 47.27 (Moderate)
    • Attacks 51.82 (Moderate)
    • Drug offense 39.35 (Low)
    • Safety walking alone during daylight 54.09 (Moderate)
    • Safety walking alone during night 43.98 (Moderate)
    • Insulting and offensive behaviour 50 (Moderate)
    • Hate crime due to Racism, Religion, ethnic origin 54.09 (Moderate)
    • Property crimes and Vandalism 53.18 (Moderate)
  • Living in Baghdad - Quality of Life

    Quality of Life Index of Baghdad is 63.9 (Low)

    • Safety Index 47.2 (Moderate)
    • Climate Index 36.5 (Moderate)
    • Pollution Index 90.19 (Very High)
    • Traffic Commute Time Index 61.2 (Very High)
    • Cost of Living Index 46.76 (Low)
    • Health Care Index 31.52 (Low)
    • Property Price to Income Ratio 9.5 (Moderate)
    • Purchasing Power Index 51.08 (Low)
    • Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.

  • Cost for Essentials in Baghdad

    Here's how much it will cost to shop in Baghdad

    • Local calling per minute on Prepaid mobile 0.13 USD
    • International Movie per seat 8.39 USD
    • Summer clothing in a chain store 35.88 USD
    • Pair of Basic Nike Shoes 63.25 USD
    • Pair of Basic Levis Jeans 37.19 USD

*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced ​and subjected to change without notice.

Baghdad Travel Guides

The best trip plans created by users and travel experts that cover the top spots and attractions of Baghdad

* Some of the data on this page is powered by Numbeo