Birmingham (/Ã‹ˆbÃ‰œÃ‹rmÃ‰ÂªÃ…‹hæm/ BUR-ming-ham) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Jefferson County. The city's population was 212,237 in the 2010 United States Census. The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of about 1,128,047 according to the 2010 Census, which is approximately one quarter of Alabama's population. Birmingham was founded in 1871, during the post-Civil War Reconstruction period, through the merger of three pre-existing farm towns, notably, former Elyton. It grew from there, annexing many more of its smaller neighbors, into an industrial and railroad transportation center with a focus on mining, the iron and steel industry, and railroading. Birmingham was named for Birmingham, England, one of the UK's major industrial cities. Most of the original settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry. In one writer's view, the city was planned as a place where cheap, non-unionized, and African-American labor from rural Alabama could be employed in the city's steel mills and blast furnaces, giving it a competitive advantage over industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast. From its founding through the end of the 1960s, Birmingham was a primary industrial center of the southern United States. The pace of Birmingham's growth during the period from 1881 through 1920 earned its nicknames The Magic City and The Pittsburgh of the South. Much like Pittsburgh, Birmingham's major industries were iron and steel production, plus a major component of the railroading industry, where rails and railroad cars were both manufactured in Birmingham. In the field of railroading, the two primary hubs of railroading in the Deep South were nearby Atlanta and Birmingham, beginning in the 1860s and continuing through to the present day. The economy diversified during the later half of the twentieth century. Though the manufacturing industry maintains a strong presence in Birmingham, other businesses and industries such as banking, telecommunications, transportation, electrical power transmission, medical care, college education, and insurance have risen in stature. Mining in the Birmingham area is no longer a major industry with the exception of coal mining. Birmingham ranks as one of the most important business centers in the Southeastern United States and is also one of the largest banking centers in the United States. In addition, the Birmingham area serves as headquarters to one Fortune 500 company: Regions Financial, along with five other Fortune 1000 companies. In higher education, Birmingham has been the location of the University of Alabama School of Medicine (formerly the Medical College of Alabama) and the University of Alabama School of Dentistry since 1947. Since that time it has also obtained a campus of the University of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham (founded circa 1969), one of three main campuses of the University of Alabama System. It is also home to three private institutions: Samford University, Birmingham-Southern College, and Miles College. Between these colleges and universities, the Birmingham area has major colleges of medicine, dentistry, optometry, physical therapy, pharmacy, law, engineering, and nursing. The city has three of the state's five law schools: Cumberland School of Law, Birmingham School of Law, and Miles Law School. Birmingham is also the headquarters of the Southwestern Athletic Conference, and Southeastern Conference, one of the major U.S. collegiate athletic conferences.Wikipedia
The brilliantly beautified architectural icons in the city you spot are most likely to be reputed educational institutes, if not thriving restaurants or bars. This super posh city with its crisp planning has also managed to squeeze in some art in it. Initially, an iron mining city, Birmingham today is a manufacturing center of Mercedes Benz, USA. Owing to this fact, there are museums with a lot of automobile relevance like the Barber Vintage Motorsports Museum. Due to its rapid development, Birmingham is also monikered as “The Magic City”. Experiencing the humid subtropical climate, the best time to visit Birmingham would be the winter season when it is very pleasant. On the Birmingham tourism, don’t miss out the attractions of Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, McWane Science Center, Birmingham Museum of Art, and the Vulcan Park and Museum.
Birmingham Trip Planner
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The best tours and activities in the city, guided by experts to give you a local insight to the best of Birmingham
Save 21%Montgomery Puzzling AdventureNew on TripHobo
Save 5%Zombie Scavengers Game - Birmingham, ALNew on TripHobo
Save 5%Best of Birmingham Food and Drink TourNew on TripHobo
2 Hrs 45 Mins
Crazy Dash Walking Adventure - Birmingham, ALNew on TripHobo
Wacky Walk Adventure Game - Birmingham, ALNew on TripHobo
Save 5%Bham Eat Drink Ride Food ToursNew on TripHobo