Blachownia Tourism

Blachownia [blaˈxɔvɲa] is a town in Częstochowa County, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland. It lies about 10 km west of the city of Częstochowa. The town belongs to historic Lesser Poland, and is located along National Road Nr. 46. In the future, the A1 motorway will go near Blachownia. The town also has a railroad station. Since Blachownia lies so close to Częstochowa, it is served by the city mass transit system. The history of Blachownia dates back to 1356, when King Kazimierz Wielki gave permission to establish two villages in the area under the jurisdiction of a Starosta from nearby Olsztyn. This resulted in an influx of settlers, and this area of western lesser Poland, located near the border with Czech-ruled Silesia, emerged as a center of industry, with several forges and bloomeries. In the 16th century, when the settlement of Łojki (future Blachownia) belonged to Kraków Voivodeship, it had as many as 36 forges, powered by water wheels. Furthermore, iron ore was excavated here, and in one of the still-existing documents from 1531, King Zygmunt August allowed a man named Błazej Łojek to run a forge. In 1606, within boundaries of today’s Blachownia, was a settlement called Trzepizury, which consisted of three houses and an inn. In 1610, Mikołaj Wolski, the starosta of Krzepice built two early blast furnaces, also purchasing a forge with two hammers, powered by water. By 1630, local metal plants manufactured app. 800 wagons of iron annually, together with farming tools, sheet metal, and cannonballs. In 1631, the metal plants were visited by King Władysław IV Waza. In the second half of the 17th century, the Blachownia industrial center declined, together with whole Lesser Poland, following the Swedish invasion of Poland. For 150 years local plants were not mentioned in any sources. In 1782, two bloomeries near Krzepice are described. After the Partitions of Poland, Blachownia since 1815 belonged to Russian-controlled Congress Poland. Due to efforts of Stanisław Staszic, artisans from Gliwice and technology from Berlin were brought to Blachownia, to recreate metal industry. In 1834, Bank of Poland leased area for the future steel mill, with two modern blast furnaces. Soon afterwards, first iron ore mines were opened, and in 1837, the furnaces were in use. The mill was managed by a German engineer Heinrich Karl Kaden from Saxony, and the cost of the construction of the factory was 382,099 zlotys. To increase energy input, a steam machine was brought from England, making Blachownia one of the most modern mills in Congress Poland. In 1838, Huta Blachownia employed 74 people, soon afterwards, a foundry was added. By 1848, however, the cost of manufacturing turned out to be too high, and there was no demand for Blachownia’s products. In 1872, the mill was taken over by the Russian Imperial family, which in 1897 leased it to a Berlin company Laura und Konigshutte. The mill employed app. 500 people, and its products were exported mostly to the vast Russian Empire, including its Far East. Workers from Blachownia actively participated in the Revolution of 1905. Blachownia was one of the first settlements, which was captured by the German Imperial troops at the beginning of World War I. German occupation lasted from August 1914 to November 1918, and during that time, there was a sharp decline in the living standards, and employment was reduced from 1200 (as for 1913) to 400. In the Second Polish Republic, Blachownia belonged to Kielce Voivodeship. The steel mill was nationalized and later sold to B. Handtke Association from Warsaw. The settlement had its own sports association, fire brigade and schools. As Blachownia was located near the pre-1939 Polish - German border, it was captured on the third day of the Polish September Campaign (Sept. 3, 1939, at 5 a.m.). Blachownia was directly annexed into the Third Reich, as part of Gau Upper Silesia (see Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany). The Germans changed its name into Blachstadt, and created a county (Kreis Blachstadt). Blachownia was the seat of the local Gestapo and Arbeitsamt office. The mill was renamed into Eisenwerke Handler, and Polish forced workers (OST-Arbeiter) were treated like slaves, working for 11 hours a day, with minimum salaries. After the war, Blachownia belonged to Kielce Voivodeship until 1950, and in that year it was moved to Katowice Voivodeship.

Wikipedia

If you are looking for travel information of Blachownia in Poland, you've come to the right place. After your splendid visit to Blachownia, you can proceed to an important near-by city of Krakow. Attractions in Krakow include Main Market Square, Wawel Royal Castle, St Marys Basilica. Also, to reach Blachownia, you'll have to take a flight to Krakow; so its not really a detour. And even if it is, the city is worth paying at least a quick visit. A vacation to Blachownia can typically be of 1-2 days. Immerse in the spirit of the city and you'll not miss your home.

Get, set and plan a journey with this amazing travel planner for Blachownia that shall leave you with plenty of memories at the end of your trip.

  • Know the pollution level of Blachownia before you plan your visit.

    • Air Pollution 59.38 (Moderate)
    • Water Pollution 12.5 (Very Low)
    • Noise and Light Pollution 12.5 (Very Low)
    • Unattended dirt and garbage 37.5 (Low)
    • Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 12.5 (Very Low)
    • Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 50 (Moderate)
    • Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 55 (Moderate)
    • Dissatisfaction with Green zones and parks 62.5 (High)
  • How safe is Blachownia for tourists? Understand risks and safety concerns that can hamper your travel experience in Blachownia.

    • Burglary and Theft 16.67 (Very Low)
    • Mugging and Robbery 50 (Moderate)
    • Assault and Armed Robbery 25 (Low)
    • Corruption and Bribery 50 (Moderate)
    • Car Stealing 16.67 (Very Low)
    • Robbery of Car belongings 58.33 (Moderate)
    • Attacks 58.33 (Moderate)
    • Drug offense 25 (Low)
    • Safety walking alone during daylight 75 (High)
    • Safety walking alone during night 66.67 (High)
    • Insulting and offensive behaviour 58.33 (Moderate)
    • Hate crime due to Racism, Religion, ethnic origin 25 (Low)
    • Property crimes and Vandalism 58.33 (Moderate)
    • Safety Index 62.25 (High)
    • Climate Index 70.73 (High)
    • Pollution Index 50.91 (Moderate)
    • Health Care Index 63.89 (High)
    • Property Price to Income Ratio 6.29 (Low)
    • Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.

  • Here's how much it will cost to shop in Blachownia

    • Local calling per minute on Prepaid mobile 0.06 USD
    • International Movie per seat 6.45 USD
    • Summer clothing in a chain store 31.47 USD
    • Pair of Basic Nike Shoes 68.36 USD
    • Pair of Basic Levis Jeans 67.97 USD

*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced ​and subjected to change without notice.

* Some of the data on this page is powered by Numbeo