Visit Cairo - Best of Cairo

Cairo, the capital of Egypt and one of the largest cities in Africa. The city has an enduring appeal and is one of the major tourism destinations in the world. Cairo is best known for its diverse culture and a vibrant history that goes back to over two thousand years. Situated on the banks of the river Nile, the city was home to the Egyptian Civilization, one of the greatest and most powerful civilizations to have ever existed. After the downfall of the Egyptian civilization, the city became a Roman trade outpost till the 7th Century AD, when the Arabs took over the land. The millennium that followed saw the rule of the Fatimids (969–1171), the Ayyubids (1171–1250), the Mamluks (1250–1517), the Ottomans (1517–1798), and then experienced 150 years of French and British colonial administration. The influences of the rich history and a diverse culture gives each area and district its distinct identity, especially the Christian and Islamic influences that can still be seen in the city today. Cairo is an overwhelming city and boasts numerous sights like the preserved the fabulous medieval Islamic city, Coptic sites in Old Cairo that were home to some of the earliest Christians and many historic churches, the iconic Sphinx, Khufu’s Great Pyramid and other attractions like the Egyptian Museums, ancient Egyptian burial ground called Saqqara, Khan el-Khalili which is an ancient shopping area that dates back to 1382, Nile Cruise, bustling markets and some of the oldest churches and mosques. Cairo is an enigmatic city that has been shrouded in a glorious past, diverse cultures and some of the earliest and the greatest architectural marvels, making Cairo an unforgettable experience. Each one of you should visit Cairo at least once and experience all that it has to offer considering the best time to visit Cairo.

Cairo Travel Tips

Essential travel information and Cairo tips for your visit

General Info:

  • Cairo Time Zone:  EET (Eastern European Time) UTC+02:00
  • Currency: Currency in Cairo is Egyptian Pound
  • Electricity:  Egypt uses 220 V, 50 Hz alternating current as the power. Plugs and sockets have ungrounded 2 pin connections (Type C) and have grounded / earthed 2 pin connections (Type F).
  • Languages: The official language in Egypt is Standard Arabic. Egyptian Arabic is however the national and spoken language. English and French are also spoken in Cairo.
  • Internet: 3G, 4G and Wi-Fi connections are available in almost every hotel in the city. There are numerous Cafes providing free Wi-Fi to the tourists.
  • Security: Police: 122, Ambulance: 123, Tourist Police: 126, Traffic Police: 128


  • Tips is widely accepted in Egypt and tipping is a part of the daily routine. Small bills like 1LE and 5LE are useful for tipping in Egypt.
  • Egypt is a Muslim Country; hence it must be kept in mind to respect their faith. The city is a bit conservative and Public Displays of Affection, such as kissing and/or fondling your partner in public, wearing revealing clothing are frowned upon here.
  • It is best to inform the hotel about your plans in advance and let the hotels do the arrangements. The hotels have cab drivers they deal with on a regular basis. This can avoid unforeseen scams and rip offs.
  • It is not advisable to drink tap water. The tap water is fine for daily chores such as taking a shower and brushing your teeth. However, drinking it can cause stomach infections. It is best to avoid drinking tap water and switch to packaged drinking water instead.
  • Make sure to carry lots of water with you as Egypt is a hot and dry city.
  • Due to the recent political instability in Egypt, there has been an increase in the country’s security. Entering a new city might lead to delays as personal belongings such as camera bags and carrier bags are searched before gaining admittance.
  • It is very hard to find toilet papers in Egypt. Instead, the toilets use bidet spray nozzle. Remember to carry your own toilet paper along to avoid any inconvenience.
  • While visiting a mosque, women must make sure to cover their shoulders, legs, and hair.
  • For men, wearing Sleeveless shirts, tank tops and gym attire is not acceptable.
  • Keep all your cash and valuables under lock and key in your hotel room. Avoid carrying and exhibiting them in busy streets.

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Facts and Stats for Cairo*

  • Pollution Statistics in Cairo

    Know the pollution level of Cairo before you plan your visit.

    • Air Pollution 86.19 (Very High)
    • Water Pollution 76.48 (High)
    • Noise and Light Pollution 72.75 (High)
    • Unattended dirt and garbage 85.19 (Very High)
    • Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 61.46 (High)
    • Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 87.81 (Very High)
    • Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 78.25 (High)
    • Dissatisfaction with Green zones and parks 80.69 (Very High)
  • Cairo: Crime and Safety

    How safe is Cairo for tourists? Understand risks and safety concerns that can hamper your travel experience in Cairo.

    • Burglary and Theft 39.79 (Low)
    • Mugging and Robbery 54.02 (Moderate)
    • Assault and Armed Robbery 45.03 (Moderate)
    • Corruption and Bribery 81.89 (Very High)
    • Car Stealing 57.51 (Moderate)
    • Robbery of Car belongings 63.92 (High)
    • Attacks 48.55 (Moderate)
    • Drug offense 55.16 (Moderate)
    • Safety walking alone during daylight 71.6 (High)
    • Safety walking alone during night 48.1 (Moderate)
    • Insulting and offensive behaviour 54.64 (Moderate)
    • Hate crime due to Racism, Religion, ethnic origin 32.87 (Low)
    • Property crimes and Vandalism 53.04 (Moderate)
  • Living in Cairo - Quality of Life

    Quality of Life Index of Cairo is 75.96 (Moderate)

    • Safety Index 47.17 (Moderate)
    • Climate Index 88.45 (Very High)
    • Pollution Index 93.94 (Very High)
    • Traffic Commute Time Index 52.43 (High)
    • Cost of Living Index 26.89 (Very Low)
    • Health Care Index 43.34 (Moderate)
    • Property Price to Income Ratio 13.01 (High)
    • Purchasing Power Index 25.26 (Very Low)
    • Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.

  • Cost for Essentials in Cairo

    Here's how much it will cost to shop in Cairo

    • Local calling per minute on Prepaid mobile 0.01 USD
    • International Movie per seat 3.92 USD
    • Summer clothing in a chain store 42.77 USD
    • Pair of Basic Nike Shoes 108.56 USD
    • Pair of Basic Levis Jeans 44.55 USD

*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced ‚Äčand subjected to change without notice.

* Some of the data on this page is powered by Numbeo