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Cluj-Napoca (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈkluʒ naˈpoka] ), commonly known as Cluj, is the second most populous city in Romania, after the national capital Bucharest, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country. Geographically, it is roughly equidistant from Bucharest (324 kilometres (201 miles)), Budapest (351 km (218 mi)) and Belgrade (322 km (200 mi)). Located in the Someșul Mic River valley, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province of Transylvania. From 1790 to 1848 and from 1861 to 1867, it was the official capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania. Other names for the city include: German: Klausenburg; Hungarian: Kolozsvár, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkoloʒvaːr] ; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and Yiddish: קלויזנבורג‎, Kloiznburg. As of 2011, 324,576 inhabitants live within the city limits, marking a slight increase from the figure recorded at the 2002 census. The Cluj-Napoca metropolitan area has a population of 411,379 people, while the population of the peri-urban area (Romanian: zona periurbană) exceeds 420,000 residents. The new metropolitan government of Cluj-Napoca became operational in December 2008. According to a 2007 estimate provided by the County Population Register Service, the city hosts a visible population of students and other non-residents—an average of over 20,000 people each year during 2004–2007. The city spreads out from St. Michael's Church in Unirii Square, built in the 14th century and named after the Archangel Michael, the patron saint of Cluj-Napoca. The boundaries of the municipality contain an area of 179.52 square kilometres (69.31 sq mi). Cluj-Napoca experienced a decade of decline during the 1990s, its international reputation suffering from the policies of its mayor at the time, Gheorghe Funar. Today, the city is one of the most important academic, cultural, industrial and business centres in Romania. Among other institutions, it hosts the country's largest university, Babeș-Bolyai University, with its famous botanical garden; nationally renowned cultural institutions; as well as the largest Romanian-owned commercial bank. In 2015, Cluj-Napoca was European Youth Capital.


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Facts and Stats for Cluj-napoca*

  • Pollution Statistics in Cluj-napoca

    Know the pollution level of Cluj-napoca before you plan your visit.

    • Air Pollution 39.68 (Low)
    • Water Pollution 31.25 (Low)
    • Noise and Light Pollution 28.81 (Low)
    • Unattended dirt and garbage 39.17 (Low)
    • Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 22.03 (Low)
    • Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 51.27 (Moderate)
    • Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 28.23 (Low)
    • Dissatisfaction with Green zones and parks 43.75 (Moderate)
  • Cluj-napoca: Crime and Safety

    How safe is Cluj-napoca for tourists? Understand risks and safety concerns that can hamper your travel experience in Cluj-napoca.

    • Burglary and Theft 17.12 (Very Low)
    • Mugging and Robbery 18.41 (Very Low)
    • Assault and Armed Robbery 10 (Very Low)
    • Corruption and Bribery 61.63 (High)
    • Car Stealing 10.19 (Very Low)
    • Robbery of Car belongings 27.76 (Low)
    • Attacks 16.67 (Very Low)
    • Drug offense 20.42 (Low)
    • Safety walking alone during daylight 92.5 (Very High)
    • Safety walking alone during night 75.78 (High)
    • Insulting and offensive behaviour 26.94 (Low)
    • Hate crime due to Racism, Religion, ethnic origin 13.18 (Very Low)
    • Property crimes and Vandalism 28.27 (Low)
  • Living in Cluj-napoca - Quality of Life

    Quality of Life Index of Cluj-napoca is 152.05 (Very High)

    • Safety Index 78.48 (High)
    • Climate Index 74.35 (High)
    • Pollution Index 41.64 (Moderate)
    • Traffic Commute Time Index 29.7 (Low)
    • Cost of Living Index 38.35 (Very Low)
    • Health Care Index 64.6 (High)
    • Property Price to Income Ratio 13.63 (High)
    • Purchasing Power Index 55.64 (Low)
    • Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.

  • Cost for Essentials in Cluj-napoca

    Here's how much it will cost to shop in Cluj-napoca

    • Local calling per minute on Prepaid mobile 0.13 USD
    • International Movie per seat 6.27 USD
    • Summer clothing in a chain store 36.59 USD
    • Pair of Basic Nike Shoes 74.17 USD
    • Pair of Basic Levis Jeans 56.11 USD

*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced ​and subjected to change without notice.

* Some of the data on this page is powered by Numbeo