Damascus Tourism

Visit Damascus - Best of Damascus

Damascus (Arabic: دمشق‎‎ Dimashq IPA: [ˈdimaʃq]) is the capital and the largest city of Syria after Aleppo prior to the civil war. It is now most likely the largest city of Syria, due to the decline in population of Aleppo because of the ongoing battle for the city. It is commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic: الشام‎‎ ash-Shām) and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine (Arabic: مدينة الياسمين‎‎ Madīnat al-Yāsmīn). In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious centre of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 as of 2009. Located in south-western Syria, Damascus is the centre of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004). Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230 ft) above sea level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate because of the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus. First settled in the second millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries.


This warm abode of Damascus is a delightful place to visit in Syria. A holiday in Damascus can generally be of 1-2 days.

Get, set and plan a journey with this amazing travel planner for Damascus that shall leave you with plenty of memories at the end of your trip.

Explore the travel itinerary planning tool for your visit to Damascus and create a flawless plan in few simple steps!

Travel to Damascus

- Know before you go to Damascus

Facts and Stats for Damascus*

  • Pollution Statistics in Damascus

    Know the pollution level of Damascus before you plan your visit.

    • Air Pollution 40.91 (Moderate)
    • Water Pollution 38.64 (Low)
    • Noise and Light Pollution 47.5 (Moderate)
    • Unattended dirt and garbage 47.73 (Moderate)
    • Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 34.09 (Low)
    • Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 43.18 (Moderate)
    • Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 38.64 (Low)
    • Dissatisfaction with Green zones and parks 50 (Moderate)
  • Damascus: Crime and Safety

    How safe is Damascus for tourists? Understand risks and safety concerns that can hamper your travel experience in Damascus.

    • Burglary and Theft 58.09 (Moderate)
    • Mugging and Robbery 61.76 (High)
    • Assault and Armed Robbery 65.91 (High)
    • Corruption and Bribery 72.66 (High)
    • Car Stealing 60.16 (High)
    • Robbery of Car belongings 63.28 (High)
    • Attacks 63.28 (High)
    • Drug offense 42.19 (Moderate)
    • Safety walking alone during daylight 44.7 (Moderate)
    • Safety walking alone during night 29.41 (Low)
    • Insulting and offensive behaviour 59.38 (Moderate)
    • Hate crime due to Racism, Religion, ethnic origin 62.5 (High)
    • Property crimes and Vandalism 60.16 (High)
  • Living in Damascus - Quality of Life

    Quality of Life Index of Damascus is 54.26 (Low)

    • Safety Index 37.18 (Low)
    • Climate Index 70.11 (High)
    • Pollution Index 48.1 (Moderate)
    • Traffic Commute Time Index 35 (Moderate)
    • Cost of Living Index 29.06 (Very Low)
    • Health Care Index 52.2 (Moderate)
    • Property Price to Income Ratio 61.27 (Very High)
    • Purchasing Power Index 12.91 (Very Low)
    • Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.

  • Cost for Essentials in Damascus

    Here's how much it will cost to shop in Damascus

    • Local calling per minute on Prepaid mobile 0.04 USD
    • International Movie per seat 5 USD
    • Summer clothing in a chain store 47.5 USD
    • Pair of Basic Nike Shoes 75.05 USD
    • Pair of Basic Levis Jeans 31.32 USD

*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced ​and subjected to change without notice.

Damascus Travel Guides

The best trip plans created by users and travel experts that cover the top spots and attractions of Damascus

* Some of the data on this page is powered by Numbeo