Visit Funchal - Best of Funchal
There was an abundance of wild fennel in a beautiful forested valley leading to the sea. The first settlers upon discovering its fertile soil, built a medieval fortress which later developed into a town called Funchal. Today, Funchal itineraries are among the top Portuguese holiday delights.
Initially the island was divided into two captaincies, Joao Goncalves Zarco took over the zone which had a great geographical position, and settled with his family. Soon Funchal became an important maritime port and the most productive region surpassing the other settlements. Its coastal position made it develop an urban core.Between 1452 and 1454, Funchal became an important transfer point for European trading, so merchants and sailors including Christopher Columbus came here to take advantage of the transient conditions of the port. During this time the sugar industry expanded significantly thus making Funchal the most important industrial centre. This prosperity soon attracted privateers and pirate attacks, leaving Funchal very vulnerable. In 1566, French corsairs came to the shores of Funchal with a force of 1200 men, on a small fleet of three main ships and eight support crafts. The attackers assaulted the land where the defence was thin and the city suffered violent attack that lasted fifteen days. Franciscan monks tried to defend the city but it was futile, it the end very little remained of Funchal.
A year later, a military architect, Mateus Fernandes III came to modify and rebuild Funchal especially the defence system. His work was considered to be the oldest plan of the island of Funchal.
Soon Funchal recovered from the aftermath and caravans travelling between the Indies and the New World stopped in transit in Funchal. The sugar industry was suffering not only because of the after effects of the 1566 war but also from epidemics and cheaper exports from the New World and Africa. The growth of viticulture became a very lucrative business, and the finest wines were being exported in great numbers. Passionate wine makers moved to the island and settled in the urban areas. They built three storey houses with an intermediary service floor for storage and wine cellars. Some houses had a tower to watch the port and keep a sharp eye on the harbour. The extreme change in lifestyle, commerce, architectural and structural layout expanded the city with new estates and new class of people. The nuns of Santa Clara, owners of large spacious land entered into the wine industry, financed the ships that would take their wines to different parts of the world in exchange for sugar.
Holidays in Funchal soon became famous for providing leisure, a centre for tourism and therapeutic health. Famous personalities started to recuperate on this island for various reasons, such as the Empress Elisabeth of Bavaria travelled to the island for leisure and health, Winston Churchill painted a few paintings on his holiday at Funchal, and Charles I of Austria visited for similar reasons. A formal port was created, the Port of Funchal and later the Santa Catarina Airport was built and Funchal was taken ahead and turned into a major international tourist destination, with a series of hotels and ocean front residences. This laid back city owes its glory to the white gold, the Madeiran sugar. It became Europe’s most picturesque and clean capital. It is known for its style as well as its substance. European Liners call at the harbour on their maiden voyage, almost like a tradition.
Funchal is nestled inside a valley which surrounds it like a ring, with gentle slopes. At night the lights from the homes and offices on the island rise straight up as if suspended in air, twinkling like stars. Its excellent location in the Gulf Stream makes the weather ideal throughout the year, for roses, and bougainvillea and other exotic flowers to tumble down the slopes of the verdant mountains in a burst of colours.
These friendly Portuguese people believe in warm hospitality, are gracious and joyous. Tourists come from all over the world to enjoy various activities here such as diving in the crystal clear water, surfing, swimming with dolphins, whale watching, walking along the coast, trekking up the mountain, paragliding. They can indulge in cuisine made with fresh aromatic ingredients, after a vigorous hike, or a serene walk to contemplate nature. The locals provide a vast display of crafts and embroidery for sale and it’s a paradise for shoppers. There are two stages in the local night life. One is the bars and night clubs that operate between midnight and 4am and the other between 4am to 7am.Shopping in Funchal isn’t chopped liver either.
The storm on February 20th 2010, was caused by a severe Atlantic depression. The tourist and hotel areas were not affected but the constant deluge of rains caused the rivers to flood and debris to collect close to the rivers. However being a modern city, the Mayor constructed a new promenade from the debris and fragments left behind. Funchaland it’s tours and tourism emerged stronger and friendlier than ever.
Funchal Travel Tips
Essential travel information and Funchal tips for your visit
- It might be hard for disabled people to commute due to the hilliness of the city.
- Always check the time table for the buses as timings and routes are susceptible to change.
- Many churches, cathedrals and parks don’t have exact opening or closing hours so calling in advance is recommended.
- The stunning island of Madeira is perfect to celebrate engagements, anniversaries and all kinds of special occasions. Whether you desire a romantic get-away or an outdoors adventure with the family, Funchal is the ideal place.
- Do taste their world famous wines.
Explore the travel itinerary planning tool for your visit to Funchal and create a flawless plan in few simple steps!
Travel to Funchal- Know before you go to Funchal
Facts and Stats for Funchal*
Pollution Statistics in Funchal
Know the pollution level of Funchal before you plan your visit.
Air Pollution 29.55 (Low)
Water Pollution 39.29 (Low)
Noise and Light Pollution 25 (Low)
Unattended dirt and garbage 28.57 (Low)
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 7.14 (Very Low)
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 25 (Low)
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 16.67 (Very Low)
Dissatisfaction with Green zones and parks 14.29 (Very Low)
Funchal: Crime and Safety
How safe is Funchal for tourists? Understand risks and safety concerns that can hamper your travel experience in Funchal.
Burglary and Theft 10 (Very Low)
Mugging and Robbery 12.5 (Very Low)
Assault and Armed Robbery 10 (Very Low)
Corruption and Bribery 33.33 (Low)
Car Stealing 3.33 (Very Low)
Robbery of Car belongings 20 (Low)
Attacks 6.25 (Very Low)
Drug offense 35 (Low)
Safety walking alone during daylight 98.44 (Very High)
Safety walking alone during night 89.06 (Very High)
Insulting and offensive behaviour 6.25 (Very Low)
Property crimes and Vandalism 23.33 (Low)
Living in Funchal - Quality of Life
Quality of Life Index of Funchal is 162.43 (Very High)
Safety Index 84.47 (Very High)
Climate Index 99.38 (Very High)
Pollution Index 29.37 (Low)
Traffic Commute Time Index 44 (Moderate)
Cost of Living Index 56.5 (Low)
Health Care Index 51.06 (Moderate)
Property Price to Income Ratio 10.24 (Moderate)
Purchasing Power Index 60.27 (Low)
Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.
Cost for Essentials in Funchal
Here's how much it will cost to shop in Funchal
Local calling per minute on Prepaid mobile 0.14 USD
International Movie per seat 7.36 USD
Summer clothing in a chain store 36.78 USD
Pair of Basic Nike Shoes 88.55 USD
Pair of Basic Levis Jeans 91.96 USD
*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced and subjected to change without notice.
Funchal Travel Guides
The best trip plans created by users and travel experts that cover the top spots and attractions of Funchal
Funchal Tours for you
The best tours and activities in the city, guided by experts to give you a local insight to the best of Funchal
New on TripHobo Duration: 3 Hrs
Combination tours: 2 different trips-same day/alternate days-ONE price!1. Seek adventure and take a thrilling Jeep excursion....
USD 75.15Book Now
27 Reviews Duration: 3 Hrs
Explore Funchal and see what all the locals are buzzing about. Taste the most traditional and authentic gastronomy from some ...
USD 69.17Book Now
1 Reviews Duration: 4 Hrs
Visit Nun's Valley with its interesting history and Pico Arieiro. Take in the breathtaking, beautiful views around the Island...
USD 44.02Book Now
8 Reviews Duration: Flexible
Your tour to the emblematic monuments of this part of the town will be guided by a former university student integrated in th...
USD 12.58Book Now
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