Guangzhou is the capital and biggest city of the Guangdong territory in the People's Republic of China. Situated to the northwest of Hong Kong and to the north-northeast of the province of Macau, Guangzhou is a key national transportation center and is also a very important commercial and trading port on the Pearl River. Guangzhou is the third biggest Chinese city and is also southern China's biggest city.
The Han Dynasty affixed the Nanyue Kingdom to its empire in 111 BC throughout the realm's development southward. This is when Guangzhou or Panyu as it was then called turned into a common capital and remains so to this day and age. In 226 AD, the city of Panyu turned into the seat of Guang Prefecture. While initially alluding to the prefecture alone, natives in the neighborhood slowly received the custom of utilizing the same name for their city.
Despite the fact that Guangzhou supplanted Panyu as the name of the walled city, Panyu was still the name of the encompassing region until the dissolution of the Qing Dynasty. Today, the ancient lands of Panyu is an area of Guangzhou lying south of Haizhu District differentiated from whatever is left of the city by the Pearl River.
In 1997, the point when the first line of the Guangzhou Metro was opened to the public, Guangzhou was the fourth city in Mainland China to have an underground track framework, behind Tianjin, Beijing, and Shanghai. At present the metro system is made up of eight lines and together they blanket an aggregate length of 236 km. Cantonese is the first dialect for fifty percent of the inhabitants of the capital Guangzhou, while the other half predominantly converse in Mandarin. Guangzhou has a moist, hot sub-tropical climate and autumn is regarded as the best travel time because of the exceptionally cool and breezy weather.