Harar Tourism

Visit Harar - Best of Harar

Harar, formerly written Harrar and known to its inhabitants as Gē, is a walled city in eastern Ethiopia. It was formerly the capital of Hararghe and now the capital of the modern Harari Region of Ethiopia. The city is located on a hilltop in the eastern extension of the Ethiopian Highlands, about five hundred kilometers from Addis Ababa at an elevation of 1,885 meters. Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, Harar had an estimated total population of 122,000, of whom 60,000 were males and 62,000 were females. According to the census of 1994, on which this estimate is based, the city had a population of 76,378. For centuries, Harar has been a major commercial centre, linked by the trade routes with the rest of Ethiopia, the entire Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and, through its ports, the outside world. Harar Jugol, the old walled city, was listed as a World Heritage Site in 2006 by UNESCO in recognition of its cultural heritage. It is sometimes known in Arabic as مدينة الأَوْلِيَاء "the City of Saints". According to UNESCO, it is "considered 'the fourth holy city' of Islam" with 110 mosques, three of which date from the 10th century and 102 shrines. The Fath Madinat Harar records that the cleric Abadir Umar ar-Rida and several other religious leaders settled in Harar circa 1216 (612 hijri year). Harar was later made the new capital of the Adal Sultanate in 1520 by the Sultan Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad. The city saw a political decline during the ensuing Emirate of Harar, only regaining some significance in the Khedivate of Egypt period. During the Ethiopian Empire, the city decayed while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the Harari Region.

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Find the best activities, restaurants and things to do in Harar, Ethiopia. Explore Harar travel guide before you plan your trip here. Most online packages to this city are of 1-2 days.

Harar is an affair to remember, follow this apt itinerary of the place and return home with a bunch of memories.

More about Harar

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Facts and Stats for Harar*

  • Pollution Statistics in Harar

    Know the pollution level of Harar before you plan your visit.

    • Air Pollution 50 (Moderate)
    • Water Pollution 100 (Very High)
    • Noise and Light Pollution 50 (Moderate)
    • Unattended dirt and garbage 100 (Very High)
    • Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 50 (Moderate)
    • Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 50 (Moderate)
    • Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 50 (Moderate)
    • Dissatisfaction with Green zones and parks 50 (Moderate)
  • Living in Harar - Quality of Life

    • Pollution Index 68.97 (High)
    • Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.

*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced ​and subjected to change without notice.

* Some of the data on this page is powered by Numbeo
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