Top Historical Monuments and Landmarks in Kandy
The city, which is famous for the sacred temple of the tooth relic, is a place which is rich in history, religious background and culture and is set in a geographic location which is rich in tropical plantations, the main plantation being tea. The major city of Kandy is located in Sri Lanka, which was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1988, mainly because it used to be the capital of the ancient king’s era and was also the last capital and at present it is the capital town or city of the Central Province, Sri Lanka.
Here's the list of 15 top historical places in Kandy:
1. Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic
Image Source: wikipedia.org
When in Kandy, the one place that you must not miss out is on the Temple Of The Sacred Tooth Relic. This sacred Temple is one of the prime and most important destinations in this place as it is an indication of the religion that continues to be practised even today. This very sacred Buddhist place, which is the final outcome of the last peregrination of the relic of the tooth of ‘Buddha’, is also known as Sri Dalada Maligawa and is located inside the royal palace complex. This temple is amongst the most sacred temples in the world and plays an important role in local politics as it is believed that whichever person owns or holds the tooth relic holds the government of the country of Sri Lanka.
2. Kandy Lake
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For the one who is in love with nature is sure to have their best time here and take back truckloads of happy memory. The beautiful lake, situated right in front of the temple of the sacred Tooth Relic, was previously a span of a muddy field full of water.
This loch, which is as pretty as a picture, is also referred to as the Kiri Muhuda or the Sea of Milk. It is a man-made lake and is situated in the heart of the city of hills. One will get the handsome view of the little island in the loch which was used by the king’s helm for bathing and is believed to have been connected to the palace by a secret tunnel.
3. Degaldoruwa Raja Maha Viharaya
One should not miss this piece of art if they call themselves art lovers and want an exquisite taste of art of this country. The Degaldoruwa Raja Maha Viharaya is a well known Buddhist temple but is known for its work of art. This is considered as a Cave Temple whose inside is filled with Paintings and Architecture from the Kandyan era. This temple is situated at Amunugama, a village near Kandy Town. The Degaldoruwa Raja Maha Viharaya Temple was built by King Rajadhi Rajasinha and was initiated during the reign of King Kirti Sri Rajasinha who was the elder brother of Rajadhi Rajasinha.
4. Sri Dalada Museum
Image Source: wikipedia.org
Sri Dalada Museum occupies the upper two floors of the Alut Maligawa building and has a stunning row of gifts donated by several Buddhist leaders and many Presidents from across the world. These were actually gifted to the temple of the tooth relic but are preserved here in the museum, which is now a tourist spot and it is getting popular by the year.
5. Kandy Garrison Cemetery
This simple plot of land is the final resting place of many men, women and children from the Colonial days, who died between 1822 and 1870. The cemetery’s maintenance costs are covered by the UK Commonwealth War Graves Commission and are preserved by many volunteers. It is not one of those big ticket attraction but if one is in Kandy, then this place (whose entrance is free of any cost) is well worth a stroll as it is Sri Lanka’s colonial past.
6. Ceylon Tea Museum
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Ceylon Tea Museum is a very interesting museum and can very well be called the paradise for all the tea lovers. This is a four storey museum and every nook and corner of this place exudes the essence and smell of different types of tea and contains numerous exhibits on tea pioneers which includes James Taylor, world famous Thomas Lipton and lots of other vintage tea processing paraphernalia.
This museum is located in the former Hanthana Tea factory (constructed in the year 1925) and the different floor of this museum exhibits different kinds of stuff like the ground floor flaunts the 19th century colonial generators, fermentation tables, sorting machines, dryers, rollers, whereas the second floor houses the library and a museum while the third floor has a wonderful shop and the topmost floor, that is the fourth floor contains a restaurant and of course tea rooms. The place where the Ceylon Tea Museum is located, Hathana, is actually an isle or island that was among one of the first successful areas to have cultivated tea which was actually followed by the failure of coffee production.
7. Alut Maligawa
The shrine hall demonstrating a dozen of iconic figures of the sitting Buddha (most of which are devoted by the Thai devotees from across the globe) in the historic city of Kandy, Sri Lanka is the Alut Maligawa. This amazing shrine hall is a storehouse of historical antique depositories like diary entries, missive, gold gifts and a lot other hand written records and documents from the British rule.
8. St. Paul’s Church
Saint Paul’s Church of Kandy, Sri Lanka is another religious site in the city, which is an Anglican church (affiliated to the Church of Ceylon) and is styled like neo-gothic. All the hearts visiting this religious place is sure to melt as their eyes lie upon the interior English Vitoriana work of art.
9. National Museum
The national museum in Kandy is very rich when it comes to the exotic culture of the city and, thus, a trip to this place is a must for all those thirsty for exotic cultures, or history, or royal regalia and replicas of pre-European Sinhalese life. Not only this, it is going to give an overdose to all the history lovers with the stunning display of Rajasinha II’s golden crown and one of the copies of the 1815 agreement that let the Kandyan province to be ruled by the British people back in the history.
10. Udawattakelle Sanctuary
A visit to the Udawattakelle Sanctuary is highly recommended to all the visitors so that they can experience the wild and meadows that Kandy has to offer. The sanctuary has a dense plant life and is thoroughly rich in vegetation (canopies, sub canopies and underground layers being the eminent ones). Its highest spot, known as the Kodimale, gives the visitors a merry view of wildlife and also has a picturesque pond with the Garrison cemetery and the Senkanda cave.
11. Kataragama Devale
Feeling the need of something colourful? Here’s presenting you with the Kataragama Devale which is another illustrious shrine in Kandy and lies in Kotugodella Vidiya (which is actually the commercial area of the city). Its main entrance is vibrant as it is decorated with colourful ornamented Vahalkada and is the vault for the sanctum with an image. The priests perform their rites in a compartment next to which lies a palanquin which is used in the Perahara.
12. Asgiriya Maha Viharaya
Asgiriya Maha Viharaya is a temple and was built by the commander of Parakramabahu 4 (four) in the era of Kurunegala and is a perfect proof that Kandy is a hub for ancient royal culture and Architecture as the statues of Natha and Saman reside here. The royal cremation ground, commonly called by the locals as ‘Adahana Maluwa’, is another interesting feature of this temple.
13. Malwatte Maha Viharaya
Kandy is a city rich with many renowned Buddhist temples and Malwatte Maha Viharaya is another must-visit spot in this city thanks to the famous Sinhala architecture. It is now mainly a museum which stores a few of the ancient inscriptions on gold threaded ropes and is sure to help any traveler explore the customs, lifestyles and tradition of the people living during the Kandyan era.
14. Vishnu Devale
Another piece of a jewel of the Buddhist monastery that one is sure to come across in Kandy is the Vishnu Devale. It is basically a long building with a storied holy of holies at the tip. There is dig-ge in front of the sanctum which is nothing but a long hall made especially for danseurs and people carrying out puja for the deity but is now open for devotees to offer their prayers.
15. Royal Palace Park
Overlooking onto the beautiful Kandy lake and most of the city is the Royal Palace Park that lies just in the middle of the city on a small hill. The Royal Palace Park is also famous as Wales Park. This park showcases a Japanese field gun captured by the British 14th Army during World War II in the place called Burma. This gun was handed out to the historical city of Kandy by Lord Mountbatten.
Enjoy life in the middle of a nature-rich, full of culture and precious historical views all around the historical city of Kandy in Sri Lanka.