Karachi (Urdu: کراچی / ALA-LC: Karācī, IPA: [kəˈrɑːˌtʃi] ) is the largest and most populous city in Pakistan and 7th largest and most populous urban city in the world. It is the capital of Sindh province of Pakistan. It is the main seaport and financial center of Pakistan.. Karachi served as the capital of Pakistan until 1958. Situated on the shores of the Arabian Sea, Karachi is the site of Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, as well as Pakistan's busiest airport, Karachi is Pakistan's major industrial and transit hub. Ranked as a beta world city, the city is Pakistan's premier financial centre. As the most linguistic, ethnically, and religious diverse city in Pakistan, Karachi exerts strong cultural influence over the rest of Pakistan. Known as the "City of Lights" in the 1960's and 1970's for its vibrant nightlife, Karachi was beset by sharp ethnic and political conflict in the 1980's with the arrival of weaponry from the War in Afghanistan. Karachi is the second-largest city in the Muslim world. With an estimated population of over 23.5 million people in its greater metropolitan region, it is the world's 7th most populous urban agglomeration, and also one of the world's fastest growing cities. Covering area of approximately 3,527 km2 (1,362 sq mi), Karachi's expansive metro region has a population density estimated at more than 6,000 people per square kilometre (15,500 per square mile). Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia, the city traces its roots to a small mixed Sindhi and Balochi fishing village named Kolachi. Karachi was formally established as a fortified trading settlement in 1729. The settlement drastically increased in importance with the arrival of British colonialists who embarked on a major works at the city's port, and established connections to the British India's extensive railway system. By the time of the Partition of British India, the city was the largest in Sindh with an estimated population of 400,000. Immediately following independence, the city's population increased dramatically with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of Muslim refugees from India. Following independence, the city experience rapid economic growth, attracting migrants from throughout Pakistan. Karachi generates 35% of Pakistan's tax revenue, and has an economy estimated to be worth $78 billion as of 2009. The city also serves a hub of higher education in South Asia and the Muslim world.Wikipedia
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