Kirkuk (Arabic: كركوك Karkūk; Kurdish: کهرکووک Kirkûk, Turkish: Kerkük) is a city in the north of Iraq, 236 kilometres (147 mi) north of Baghdad and 83 kilometres (52 miles) south of Erbil. It is the capital of Kirkuk Governorate. Kirkuk lies in a wide zone with an enormously diverse population and has been multilingual for centuries. There were dramatic demographic changes during Kirkuk's urbanization in the twentieth century, which saw the development of distinct ethnic groups. Kurds, Turkmen, Arabs and Assyrians lay conflicting claims to this zone, and all have their historical accounts and memories to buttress their claims. The city sits on the ruins of the original Kirkuk Citadel, site of the ancient mid 3rd millennium BC, Assyrian city of Arrapha, populated and named by the Gutian people and which sits near the Khasa River. The city is mentioned during the Sumero-Akkadian period of Assyria in cuneiform script from about 2400 BC. The city later came to be dominated by the Hurrians before being incorporated into the Old Assyrian Empire and Assyria proper from the 20th to 18th centuries BC. During the late 15th century BC Assyria and Arrapha was under the domination of the short lived Mittani-Hurrian empire, but after the Assyrians overthrew The Hurri-Mitanni in the early 14th century BC the city was once more under Assyrian rule, and remained a part of Assyria until the fall of the Assyrian empire between 615-599 BC. Kurds and Turkmens have claimed the city as a cultural capital. It was named the "capital of Iraqi culture" by the Iraqi ministry of culture in 2010. The city currently consists mainly of people who self-identify as Kurds, Arabs, Iraqi Turkmens and Assyrians. With changes in population after the fall of Saddam Hussein, the US invasion, and the advent of Daesh, most experts believe that the Kurds make up the majority of the population Wikipedia
A place in Iraq, Kirkuk is an interesting place to visit, given its unique culture, history and character. Popular vacation packages of Kirkuk are of 1-2 days.
Explore the best travel planner for your visit to Kirkuk and create a flawless plan in few simple steps!