Relatively a newer city when you compare it with other cities of Burma such as Bagan, Mandalay was founded in 1857 on the behest of King Mindon who wanted a city on the foothills of Mandalay hill. His plan called for a 144-square block grid patterned citadel, and a 16-square block royal palace compound standing adjacent to the Mandalay hill. And thus, Mandalay was formed as we see it today. The second-largest city and the last royal capital of Myanmar, Mandalay has always been a centre of attraction for tourists who love to immerse in its historicity. Today, this city might have become an Asian cosmopolitan metropolis, its traditional roots are still visible in the most enmeshed manner.
Walking through the busy and bustling lanes of this city, you will come across several monasteries, pagodas, workshops and teahouses peeping through the present-day buildings. Politically also, the city has much to say. It has served as the capital of the last independent Burmese kingdom after it was colonized by the British imperial forces. Located on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River, Mandalay comes across a city trying to evolve itself in the present modern world of speed and nightlife. The city was heavily destroyed during the World War 2 but was soon reconstructed with effort. While you might be expecting of Mandalay as strongly historic, it is its modernity that glares hard on your face as you enter and explore it. There are modern establishments, hotels and buildings that add a glittery element to the city.
Essential travel information and Mandalay tips for your visit
- Time Zone : Myanmar Standard Time, UTC+06:30
- Currency : Currency used in Mandalay is Burmese kyat.
- Electricity : The standard electrical voltage in Mandalay is 220-240 Volts. The primary socket type is Europlug and Schuko. If your appliance's plug doesn't match the shape of these sockets, you will need a travel plug adapter in order to plug in.
- Internet : Most of the hotels in Mandalay provide 3G and 4G internet connections for its visitors. There are cyber cafes also for the internet users.
- Languages : Language spoken in Mandalay is Burmese.
- Security : Police: 199, Ambulance: 192, Fire: 191
- Tipping : Tipping is generally expected for the services rendered (hotels, bars, restaurants) in Mandalay.
- Customs : The Burmese and other Buddhists follow the Buddhist custom of not touching a person on the head, since spiritually this is considered the highest part of the body.
- Footwear should be removed upon entering temple complexes for religious reasons, and it is polite to remove footwear when entering a house.
- A person should not point the feet at anyone.
Mandalay Trip Planner
Plan your customized day by day trip plan for Mandalay. Choose from various experinces categories as adventure, romantic and family and kids friendly for your trip using using Mandalay trip planner.
The best tours and activities in the city, guided by experts to give you a local insight to the best of Mandalay
Private Half-Day Mandalay City Tour
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Sightseeing Cruise Between Mandalay and Bagan
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Private Full-Day Trip to Maymyo from Mandalay
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Day Trip to Sagaing Ava and Amarapura from MandalayNew on TripHobo