Nizhniy Novgorod Tourism, Russia

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Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: Ни́жний Но́вгород; IPA: [ˈnʲiʐnʲɪj ˈnovɡərət]), colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is, with a population of 1,250,619, the fifth-largest city in Russia and the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and Volga Federal District. From 1932 to 1990, it was known as Gorky (Горький, IPA: [ˈɡorʲkʲɪj]), after the writer Maxim Gorky, who was born there. The city is an important economic, transportation and cultural center in Russia and the vast Volga-Vyatka economic region, and is the main center of river tourism in Russia. In the historical part of the city there area a large number of universities, theaters, museums and churches. Nizhny Novgorod is located about 400 km east of Moscow, where the Oka empties into the Volga. The city was founded in 1221 by Prince Yuri II of Vladimir. In 1612 Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky organized a big army for the liberation of Moscow from the Poles. In 1817 Nizhny Novgorod became a great trade center of the Russian Empire. In 1896 at a fair, an All-Russia Exhibition was organized. During the Soviet period, the city turned into an important industrial center. In particular, the Gorky Automobile Plant was constructed in this period. During the Second World war Gorky became the biggest provider of military equipment to the front. Due to this, the Luftwaffe constantly bombed the city from the air. The majority of the German bombs fell in the area of the Gorky Automobile Plant. Although almost all the production sites of plant were completely destroyed, the citizens of Gorky reconstructed the factory after 100 days. After the war, Gorky became a "closed city" and remained one until after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990. At that time the city was renamed back to Nizhny Novgorod. In 1985 the metro was opened. In 2016 Vladimir Putin opened the new 70th Anniversary of Victory Plant which is part of the Almaz-Antey Air and Space Defence Corporation. The Kremlin – the main center of the city – contains the main government agencies of the city and the Volga Federal District.


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Travel to Nizhniy Novgorod

- Know before you go to Nizhniy Novgorod

Facts and Stats for Nizhniy Novgorod*

  • Pollution Statistics in Nizhniy Novgorod

    Know the pollution level of Nizhniy Novgorod before you plan your visit.

    • Air Pollution 18.33 (Very Low)
    • Water Pollution 15 (Very Low)
    • Noise and Light Pollution 11.67 (Very Low)
    • Unattended dirt and garbage 22.5 (Low)
    • Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 10.83 (Very Low)
    • Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 23.33 (Low)
    • Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 12.93 (Very Low)
    • Dissatisfaction with Green zones and parks 11.67 (Very Low)
  • Nizhniy Novgorod: Crime and Safety

    How safe is Nizhniy Novgorod for tourists? Understand risks and safety concerns that can hamper your travel experience in Nizhniy Novgorod.

    • Burglary and Theft 15.52 (Very Low)
    • Mugging and Robbery 20.69 (Low)
    • Assault and Armed Robbery 14.66 (Very Low)
    • Corruption and Bribery 39.66 (Low)
    • Car Stealing 18.1 (Very Low)
    • Robbery of Car belongings 28.57 (Low)
    • Attacks 22.41 (Low)
    • Drug offense 25.89 (Low)
    • Safety walking alone during daylight 89.66 (Very High)
    • Safety walking alone during night 76.79 (High)
    • Insulting and offensive behaviour 19.83 (Very Low)
    • Hate crime due to Racism, Religion, ethnic origin 17.24 (Very Low)
    • Property crimes and Vandalism 25 (Low)
  • Living in Nizhniy Novgorod - Quality of Life

    Quality of Life Index of Nizhniy Novgorod is 161.95 (Very High)

    • Safety Index 77.69 (High)
    • Climate Index 45.51 (Moderate)
    • Pollution Index 18.97 (Very Low)
    • Traffic Commute Time Index 30.89 (Low)
    • Cost of Living Index 34.6 (Very Low)
    • Health Care Index 90.44 (Very High)
    • Property Price to Income Ratio 13.46 (High)
    • Purchasing Power Index 41.91 (Very Low)
    • Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.

  • Cost for Essentials in Nizhniy Novgorod

    Here's how much it will cost to shop in Nizhniy Novgorod

    • Local calling per minute on Prepaid mobile 0.02 USD
    • International Movie per seat 4.86 USD
    • Summer clothing in a chain store 33.64 USD
    • Pair of Basic Nike Shoes 84.65 USD
    • Pair of Basic Levis Jeans 74.18 USD

*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced ​and subjected to change without notice.

* Some of the data on this page is powered by Numbeo