Opole [ɔˈpɔlɛ] (German: Oppeln, Silesian German: Uppeln, Silesian: Uopole) is a city located in southern Poland on the Oder River (Odra). With a population of approximately 125,992 (June 2009), it is the capital of the Opole Voivodeship and, also the seat of Opole County. With it long history dating back to the 9th century, Opole is considered to be one of the oldest towns in Poland. The origins of the first settlement are connected with the town being granted Magdeburg Rights in 1217 by Casimir I of Opole, the great-grandson of Polish Duke Bolesław III Wrymouth. During the Medieval Period and the Renaissance the city was known as a centre of commerce due to its position on the intersection of several main trade routes, which helped to generate steady profits from transit trade. The rapid development of the town was also caused by the establishment of a seat of regency in Opole in 1816. The first railway connection between Opole, Brzeg and Wrocław was opened in 1843 and the first proper manufacturing plants were constructed in 1859, which greatly contributed to the city's regional significance. During its existence Opole belonged to Poland, Bohemia, Prussia and Germany. Prior to World War II it was located in eastern Germany and was one of the largest centres of Polish minority in the entire country. In 1945, according to Yalta and Potsdam Agreements, the region was assigned to Poland. Many German Upper Silesians and Poles of German ancestry still live in the Opole region; in the city itself, however, ethnic Germans make up less than 3% of the population. It was also the capital of the historical region of Upper Silesia. Today there are four higher education establishments in the city: The Opole University, Opole University of Technology, a Medical College and the private Higher College of Management and Administration. The National Festival of Polish Song has been held here annually since 1963 and each year new regular events, fairs, shows and competitions take place. Opole is often referred to as "Polish Venice", because of its picturesque Old Town and a serious of canals and bridges connecting parts of the city. Wikipedia
Explore popular vacation packages for Opole, Poland and kick-start your vacation planning for free. The nearest major city to Opole is Wroclaw. Wroclaw, is a worth visiting city owing to its prime attractions like Market Rynek Square, Eastern Park, Ostrow Tumski. Tour packages of Opole are of 1 to 2 days duration.
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