Petralona Tourism

Visit Petralona - Best of Petralona

The Petralona cave (Greek: Σπήλαιο Πετραλώνων) also Cave of the Red Stones (Greek: Σπήλαιο των κόκκινες πέτρες), a Karst formation - is located at 300 m (984 ft) above sea-level on the western foot of Mount Katsika, 1 km (1 mi) east of the eponymous village, about 35 km (22 mi) south-east of Thessaloniki city on the Chalkidiki peninsula, Greece. The site came to public attention when in 1960 a fossilized hominid skull was found. The cave had been discovered accidentally only a year earlier (1959) after erosion had left clefts in the rock. "Bejeweled" with impressive stalactite and stalagmite formations and holding an abundance of fossils the cave soon attracted geologists and paleontologists. After decades of excavations the cave is open to the public and scientific work is documented and presented in an adjacent Archaeological Museum. The cave's most prominent fossil specimen, since known among paleoanthropologists as the "Petralona Skull", named Archanthropus europaeus petraloniensis by Aris Poulianos, former head of the Anthropological Association of Greece. He considers it the oldest European hominid ever found and assessed it to be 800.000 years old. Yet "there was the constant problem that the skull was an isolated find" as other scientists strongly disagree and the find has been a continuing cause of controversy since. The Anthropological Association's conclusions and results are in direct conflict with accepted speciation models of the genus Homo and the chronology of the Out of Africa theory. For a number of times excavations on the site were delayed and/or had to be discontinued, first in 1967 and the following years in relation to the Greek coup d'état, again in 1983, according to Nickos A. Poulianos the Ministry of Culture giving no reason why it ceased to re-issue the excavation concession until "in 1997 the Anthropological Association of Greece, after 15 years of trials, was justified by the Supreme Court and was ordered the continuation of its works in the cave." Dr. Aris Poulianos, President of the Anthropological Association of Greece has repeatedly accused the Greek government, claiming it is conspiring to suppress his discoveries as in 2012 excavation rights were revoked again. The on-site Anthropological Museum of Petralona displays a selection of the cave's findings.


Find crucial information and trip planning details about Petralona, which is a city in Greece. This city is located in the close proximity of a major city Thessaloniki, Greece. Attractions in Thessaloniki include The White Tower, The Archaeological Museum, Ano Poli. Tour packages of Petralona are of 1 to 2 days duration.

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Facts and Stats for Petralona*

  • Pollution Statistics in Petralona

    Know the pollution level of Petralona before you plan your visit.

    • Air Pollution 60.2 (High)
    • Water Pollution 50 (Moderate)
    • Noise and Light Pollution 44.44 (Moderate)
    • Unattended dirt and garbage 64.44 (High)
    • Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 36.67 (Low)
    • Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 68.6 (High)
    • Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 40.43 (Moderate)
    • Dissatisfaction with Green zones and parks 76.7 (High)
  • Petralona: Crime and Safety

    How safe is Petralona for tourists? Understand risks and safety concerns that can hamper your travel experience in Petralona.

    • Burglary and Theft 41.97 (Moderate)
    • Mugging and Robbery 31.88 (Low)
    • Assault and Armed Robbery 23.85 (Low)
    • Corruption and Bribery 58.49 (Moderate)
    • Car Stealing 25.46 (Low)
    • Robbery of Car belongings 40.8 (Moderate)
    • Attacks 26.61 (Low)
    • Drug offense 37.27 (Low)
    • Safety walking alone during daylight 91.51 (Very High)
    • Safety walking alone during night 66.06 (High)
    • Insulting and offensive behaviour 26.39 (Low)
    • Hate crime due to Racism, Religion, ethnic origin 15.83 (Very Low)
    • Property crimes and Vandalism 39.91 (Low)
  • Living in Petralona - Quality of Life

    Quality of Life Index of Petralona is 136.68 (High)

    • Safety Index 66.34 (High)
    • Climate Index 88.39 (Very High)
    • Pollution Index 64.12 (High)
    • Traffic Commute Time Index 24.26 (Very Low)
    • Cost of Living Index 64.16 (Low)
    • Health Care Index 61.47 (High)
    • Property Price to Income Ratio 9.67 (Moderate)
    • Purchasing Power Index 51.06 (Low)
    • Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.

  • Cost for Essentials in Petralona

    Here's how much it will cost to shop in Petralona

    • Local calling per minute on Prepaid mobile 0.46 USD
    • International Movie per seat 9.91 USD
    • Summer clothing in a chain store 32.48 USD
    • Pair of Basic Nike Shoes 92.68 USD
    • Pair of Basic Levis Jeans 83.68 USD

*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced ​and subjected to change without notice.

* Some of the data on this page is powered by Numbeo