Port Blair is the capital and the largest city in the union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Often Dubbed as the Veritable Garden of Eden," Port Blair boasts lazy beaches fringed with palms, lighthouse sprinkled, turquoise blue sea, pristine white sand beaches, exotic species of flora and fauna, mouth-watering sea food, adventure sports, water sports, outdoor activities and the tranquil atmosphere, making it one of the most sought after travel destinations in India and the world. The immaculate beauty of the islands hides a history that has a significant place in the Indian Freedom Struggle. In 1789, the first penal colony was established on the island and was called Port Cornwallis in honour of his commander, Admiral Sir William Cornwallis. In the year 1858, the first European settlement on the islands was established near the site of the old penal colony, and was named Port Blair in honour of Captain Blair. One of the most significant monuments on the island was the cellular jail or ‘Kaala Pani.’ The walls of the jail still tell tales of the torture of India's freedom fighters within its walls. The jail had 698 solitary cells to ensure that there was no contact between prisoners. Visiting the jail can be an emotional experience. The islands are also home to some of the oldest tribes in the world. Six recognized tribes inhabit the several islands including the Onges who in the past 30 years have progressed to wearing trousers and often visit the modern towns. The others like the ‘Jarawas’ are unfriendly, hostile and still preffer to live life in the raw. With such beautiful cultures, rusty monuments, scenic beauty and the tropical rainforests, Port Blair is a perfect exotic getaway destination.
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