Once, nomadic African tribes populated this land. When they left, the place was empty for many years till Pretoria was founded in 1855. It’s had a colourful history. Winston Churchill was captured during the Anglo-Boer war here and kept as POW till his eventual escape. Even Mahatma Gandhi saw battle here as an ambulance runner. Pretoria’s mild temperatures make it a much sought after destination, especially for those seeking the joys of a safari without having to go through unbearable heat. Most of the city’s attractions are based around it’s historical monuments and it’s various natural reserves. Visitors must check out the Voortrekker Monument, the residences of Paul Kruger and Sammy Marks, the wonderful Groenkloof Nature Reserve, the solemn Freedom Park and every other wildlife opportunity present to them.