It is the largest town or city of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. It has the highest population out of all places in this island that is 1/3 of the total population of the Republic. It became the capital of the republic in the year 1769 when it replaced the then capital of Georgetown.
The city is dominated by an old fort, King George, which is the most popular sightseeing spot. The fort is now a history and archeological museum that forms the main attraction apart from the beaches. This is also the largest Assembly Seat of the republic. Under the French rule this place was known as Saint Louis and later was renamed to the present under the English rule.