Tehran (Persian: تهران – Tehrān, pronounced [tehˈrɒːn] ) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 9 million in the city and 16 million in the wider metropolitan area, Tehran is the largest city and urban area of Iran, the 2nd-largest city in Western Asia, and the 3rd-largest in the Middle East. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area. In the Classical era, part of the present-day city of Tehran was occupied by a Median city that in the Avesta occurs as Rhaga. It was destroyed by the Mongols in the early 13th century, and remains now as a city in Tehran Province, located towards the southern end of the modern-day city of Tehran. Tehran was first chosen as the capital of Iran by Agha Mohammad Khan of the Qajar dynasty in 1796, in order to remain within close reach of Iran's territories in the Caucasus, before being separated from Iran as a result of the Russo-Persian Wars, and to avoid the vying factions of the previously ruling Iranian dynasties. The capital has been moved several times throughout the history, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran. The city was the seat of the Qajars and Pahlavis, the two last imperial dynasties of Iran. It is home to many historical collections, such as the royal complexes of Golestan, Sa'dabad, and Niavaran, as well as the country's most important governmental buildings of the modern period. Large scale demolition and rebuilding began in the 1920s, and Tehran has been a destination for the mass migrations from all over Iran since the 20th century. The most famous landmarks of the city include the Azadi Tower, a memorial built during the Pahlavi period, and the Milad Tower, the world's 17th tallest freestanding structure, which was built in 2007. Tabiat Bridge, which was completed in 2014, is considered the third contemporary symbol of the city. The majority of the people of Tehran are Persian-speaking people, and roughly 99% of the population understand and speak Persian; but there are also large populations of other Iranian ethnicities in the city such as Azerbaijanis, Armenians, Lurs, and Kurds who speak Persian as their second language. Tehran is served by the Mehrabad and Khomeini international airports, a central railway station, the rapid transit rail system of the Tehran Metro, as well as a trolleybus and a BRT system, and has a large network of highways. There have been plans to relocate Iran's capital from Tehran to another area; due mainly to air pollution and the city's exposure to earthquakes. To date, no definitive plans have been approved. A 2016 survey of 230 cities by consultant Mercer ranked Tehran 203rd for quality of living. According to the Global Destinations Cities Index, Tehran is among the top ten fastest growing destinations. Wikipedia
The most populous city and the capital of Iran, Tehran is situated at the foothills of the massive Alborz mountains. Built on the slopes of the mountains, Tehran experiences a semi-arid climate which is unpredictable for the most parts of the year. Masked by concrete buildings and educational institutions throughout the city, Tehran attracts students from all around the world, given the popularity of the universities. Home to varied dynasties who settled down in the city during different times of history, Tehran is adorned by plenty of historical monuments that you should visit for sure. Explore the glorious Golestan Palace. Take a trip to the past by visiting Sa'dabad Palace that was once the residence of the Pahlavi Dynasty. Soak yourselves amidst the incredible art collections displayed at National Museum of Iran, Reza Abbasi Museum, and the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art. For a totally different experience, escape to the magical snow wonderland ski resort at Dizin.
While packing clothes for your trip to Tehran be sure to pack clothes that will cover most of your body. Men are allowed to wear t-shirts and jeans but no shorts! And women should cover their head with scarves and are not supposed to expose their thighs and legs. Additionally, alcohol and drugs are banned in Tehran and all of Iran. But despite the restrictions, you can still have fun at Tehran. Thanks to the bustling number of attractions in the city.
When you are out of places to visit or if you feel like taking a break from exploring, try conversing with the locals in Tehran. From your talks, you will understand that people of Tehran are some of the friendliest people in the world. They are helpful, passionate, and will surely make you feel like its home. At the end of the day, appreciate the Iranian culture, try to get involved in the culture as much as possible and have a pleasant holiday!
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