Thekkady in the Idukki district of Kerala is known for its largest wildlife sanctuary. Idukki is a perfect retreat for the one who loves to travel, adventure, wildlife, nature and lots of fun. Thekkady, with it’s wild corridor is heaven on earth for nature lovers . Its bountiful treasures of tropical flora and fauna are the ultimate reservoir of many endangered species and rich tribal culture. The 130 year old 'Surki' dam built across Periyar, is a place you must visit. The dam, built across the west-flowing River Periyar, creates an artificial lake. The lake place thekkady, in the centre of the Idukki sanctuary, is the nucleus of the reserve. Inside the reserve there was a palace - The Edapalayam Lake Palace - meant for the guests of the royal family. Thekkady is the country's sole tiger reserve since 1978. Thekkady is a spice village and is considered heaven for natural spices such as black pepper, cardamom county , cinnamon, nutmeg, nutmace, ginger and clove. The Periyar forest of Thekkady is one of the finest blooming paradise in India and spread across the entire district are the picturesque plantations and hill towns that hold great opportunitiesof sightseeing for trekers and mountain walkers. In the sanctuary you can sight Asian elephants, bison, sambar deer, boars, tigers, leopards, wild squirrels, lion tailed monkeys and many more wild animals. The Sanctuary can be accessed through trekking, boating or a jeep safari. Ferry boats are available by which you can enjoy the surrounding nature while having a ride through the river and sighting the herd of Asian elephants. It takes around two hours to complete the ferry ride. At the end of the ride you will sight the walls of Mullaperiyar Dam. The chilly weather of Thekkady offers a peaceful and calm atmosphere, nestled between the ever-green forests of western ghats.