Thermopylae Tourism

Thermopylae (/θərˈmɒpᵻliː/; Ancient and Katharevousa Greek: Θερμοπύλαι [tʰermopýlai], Demotic: Θερμοπύλες [θermoˈpiles]: "hot gates") is a place in Greece where a narrow coastal passage existed in antiquity. It derives its name from its hot sulphur springs. The Hot Gates is "the place of hot springs" and in Greek mythology it is the cavernous entrances to Hades". Thermopylae is world-famous for the battle that took place there between the Greek forces including the Spartans and the Persian forces, commemorated by Simonides in the famous epitaph, "Go tell the Spartans, stranger passing by,/That here obedient to their laws we lie." Thermopylae is the only land route large enough to bear any significant traffic between Lokris and Thessaly. This passage from north to south along the east coast of the Balkan peninsula requires use of the pass and for this reason Thermopylae has been the site of several battles. In ancient times it was called Malis which was named after the Malians (Ancient Greek: Μαλιεῖς), a Greek tribe that lived near present-day Lamia at the delta of the river, Spercheios in Greece. The Malian Gulf is also named after them. In the western valley of the Spercheios their land was adjacent to the Aenianes. Their main town was named Trachis. In the town of Anthela, the Malians had an important temple of Demeter, an early center of the Anthelan Amphictiony. The land is dominated by the coastal floodplain of the Spercheios River and is surrounded by sloping forested limestone mountains. There is continuous deposition of sediment from the river and travertine deposits from the hot springs which has substantially altered the landscape during the past few thousand years. The land surface on which the famous Battle of Thermopylae was fought in 480 BC is now buried under 20 metres (66 ft) of soil. The shoreline has also advanced over the centuries because of the sedimentary deposition. The level of the Malian Gulf was also significantly higher during prehistoric times and the Spercheios River was significantly shorter. Its shoreline advanced by up to 2 kilometers between 2500 BC and 480 BC but still has left several extremely narrow passages between the sea and the mountains. The narrowest point on the plain, where the Battle of Thermopylae was probably fought, would have been less than 100 metres (330 ft) wide. Between 480 BC and the 21st century, the shoreline advanced by as much as 9 km (5.6 mi) in places, eliminating the narrowest points of the pass and considerably increasing the size of the plain around the outlet of the Spercheios. A main highway now splits the pass, with a modern-day monument to King Leonidas I of Sparta on the east side of the highway. It is directly across the road from the hill where Simonides of Ceos's epitaph to the fallen is engraved in stone at the top. Thermopylae is part of the infamous "horseshoe of Maliakos" also known as the "horseshoe of death": it is the narrowest part of the highway connecting the north and the south of Greece. It has many turns and has been the site of many vehicular accidents. The hot springs from which the pass derives its name still exist close to the foot of the hill.

Wikipedia

Planning a vacation to Thermopylae in Greece? This vacation planner will provide you with all the essential information you need. The nearest major city to Thermopylae is Athens. Athens, is a worth visiting city owing to its prime attractions like Acropolis, Parthenon, Acropolis Museum. Popular vacation packages of Thermopylae are of 1-2 days.

Yes,it is that simple really! Enjoy your trip! Keep travelling!

The best tours and activities in the city, guided by experts to give you a local insight to the best of Thermopylae

  • Save 21% Meteora, Delphi And Thermopylae 2-day Tour
    Meteora, Delphi And Thermopylae 2-day Tour

    Duration: 2 Days

    A chance to explore the navel of earth, with the best guidance that one can have. You will visit the spiritual sites of Greec...

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  • How safe is Thermopylae for tourists? Understand risks and safety concerns that can hamper your travel experience in Thermopylae.

    • Burglary and Theft 62.5 (High)
    • Mugging and Robbery 62.5 (High)
    • Assault and Armed Robbery 25 (Low)
    • Corruption and Bribery 62.5 (High)
    • Car Stealing 25 (Low)
    • Robbery of Car belongings 37.5 (Low)
    • Attacks 25 (Low)
    • Drug offense 62.5 (High)
    • Safety walking alone during daylight 87.5 (Very High)
    • Safety walking alone during night 75 (High)
    • Insulting and offensive behaviour 50 (Moderate)
    • Property crimes and Vandalism 25 (Low)
    • Safety Index 63.24 (High)
    • Health Care Index 66.67 (High)
    • Property Price to Income Ratio 4.6 (Very Low)
    • Indices such as Quality of life, Climate & Healthcare index are good to be high whereas others such as Property price, Traffic & Cost of living Index are good to be low.

  • Here's how much it will cost to shop in Thermopylae

    • Local calling per minute on Prepaid mobile 0.46 USD
    • International Movie per seat 8.83 USD
    • Summer clothing in a chain store 34.17 USD
    • Pair of Basic Nike Shoes 86.98 USD
    • Pair of Basic Levis Jeans 75.74 USD

*Stats and figures mentioned are crowd-sourced ​and subjected to change without notice.

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