Since Ujjain is primarily a holy and historical, your list of things to do in this city will consist of visiting the famous temples and religious centres. Some of the prominent temples here include Shri Mahakaleshwar Temple, KalBhairav Temple, Mangalnath Temple, Chintaman Ganesh Temple, Sandipani Ashram, ISKCON Temple, Gadkalika Temple, Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir and Gopal Mandir Temple.The Hindu calendar time, called as the prime meridian passes through Ujjain and thus this city was an important referral point on the earth for the ancient astronomers. Ujjain is also home to MahakaleshwarJyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga Shiva temples, making it one of the pilgrimage cities of India. Owing to the presence of a plethora of temples here, this city is known as the “Temple city of India” making it an important tourist destination in Madhya Pradesh. On the outskirts of Ujjain, there lies an ancient banyan tree named Siddhwat, a tree which is believed to possess extraordinary spiritual qualities making it an important centres for ascetics and meditators. One of the major reasons why people visit this city is due to the grand KumbhMela held here as devotees come here to takethe holy dip in its sacred waters.
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Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 456006
07:00 am - 11:00 pm
There won’t be any single Hindu who wouldn’t know of the Mahakaleshwar temple of Ujjain. One of the most visited temples in India, it holds a lot of religious significance as it houses the lingams of Mahakalesvara, Omkaresvara and Nagachandresvara kept in the lowest, middle and the uppermost part of the temple respectively. The Mahakaleshwar lingam that you find inside this temple in colossal in size and exudes great spiritual influence. Other than the Jyotirlinga, you will find stunning images of Ganesa, Kartikeya and goddess Paravati in the garbhagrha. The walls manifest the traditional eulogies of Lord Shiva. A visit to this temple will leave you smitten with Indian culture and tradition.
Located on the banks of Shipra temple, the Kal Bhairav temple was built by King Bhadrasen as a dedication to Kal Bhairav, one of the manifestations of Lord Shiva. Inside this temple, you will find beautiful paintings in Malwa style. Worshipping Kal Bhairav falls under the tradition of Shaivism, done by Kapalika and Aghora sects. According to this tradition, it is important to worship Kal Bhairav since time is fleeting and never comes back. Do make a visit to this temple one of the many spiritual beliefs of Hinduism.
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Bhairavgadh Road, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 456006
04:00 am - 08:00 pm
Mangal is the Hindu term for planet Mars. The Mangalnath temple is dedicated to the same planet whose manifestation comes across in the form of Lord Shiva. This temple exudes great spiritual energy and is located on the picturesque banks of Shipra River. The temple is situated at the place where the first meridian is said to pass the earth. Infact, it is considered that from a specific point of this temple, a person can have a clear view of the Mars planet as well.
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Ratnakhedi, Madhya Pradesh 456006
05:00 am - 07:00 pm
Dating back to 11th or 12th century, the Chintaman Ganesh temple is one of the most revered sites of Ujjain and is thus a must visit. Dedicated to Lord Ganesha, who is the son of Lord Shiva, this temple was built during the reign of Paramaras in Madhya Pradesh (Malwa). Lord Ganesha is always the first God to be invoked for any auspicious occasion in Hindu belief. Every year, a lot of devotees flock here to seek the blessings of Lord Ganesha, making it an important religious centre in Ujjain.
There was a time when Ujjain was considered to be centre of great learning, thus a lot of people used to come here to learn. According to mythologies, Lord Krishna and Sudama received regular instruction in the ashram of Rishi Sandipani which was present in Ujjain. There is an interesting story to this site. When the Guru was asked to order his Guru Dakshina by Krishna and Balarama, the sage asked him to restore his son, lost in the ocean at Prabhaas. The Avatar of Vishnu, Lord Krishna came to know that Sandipani's son had been taken hostage by the demon Shankhasur (who lived in a shankh, or conch) beneath the ocean. Krishna and Balaram took the conch to Yama, who blew into the conch and Sandipani's son was extracted.
This site is steeped in mythologies and a visit to this place is a must to understand some aspects of Hindu belief.
A renowned Vaishnav temple that celebrates and prays Lord Krishna and Radharani, ISKCON has several temples across Indian as well as the world. One such temple is present in the Temple City of India, Ujjain, making it more spiritual and pious as a landscape. Following the tradition of ISKCON temples, this particular temple is vibrant, beautiful to look at and offers you an image of God in full resplendent glory adorned with ornaments. Surrounding it are beautiful gardens that make the temple even more stunning.
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118 Janki nagar, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 456006
06:00 am - 09:00 pm
Located in the outskirts of Ujjain, the Gadkalika teple is devoted to one of the Hindu goddesses, Kalika. This is the same Goddess who is supposed to be the Goddess of poet Kalidas. This is considered to be the same temple where Kalidasa got his boon from the deity. Although this temple is not very old, it is supposed to be at the same site where the earlier temple was present. The ancient temple of Kalika was reconstructed by King Harshwardhan of Thaneshwar when he visited Ujjain. A visit to this temple is a must during your Madhya Pradesh tour.
As the name suggests, this temple is dedicated to Lord Ganesha, the God who disseminates prosperity and wealth to people. The temple is located near the Mahakaleshwar temple which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Bade in Hindi means large, and Mandir in Hindi means a temple, so the entire phrase Bade Ganeshji Ki Mandir means The Temple of the Big Ganesh Statue. A lot of Hindu devotees come here to seek blessings from Ganesha, the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
This is yet another temple that celebrates the glory of the Blue God, Lor Krishna. During the Maratha rule in Ujjain, this temple was built by Bayaja Bai, wife of Daulat Rao Scindia during 1848-56 and dedicated to Dwarkadheesh, the tutelary deity of the Scindia family. The main idol is made up of black stone surrounded by stupendous architecture and beauty. There is an outstanding statue of God Krishna in silver form with the height of 2 feet. People come here to worship Lord Krishna and to seek blessings from him.
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Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 456006
06:00 am - 09:00 pm
One of the most interesting sites in Ujjain, the Bhartihari caves is located just above the bank of the Shipra near the temple of Gadkalika. The caves hold a lot of historical and religious value as they are considered to be the same spot where the great Sanskrit Poet Bhartrihari, who is said to have been the step brother of Vikramaditya, lived and meditated after renouncing worldly life. Bhartihari is known for his several classical works such as Shringarshatak, Vairagyashatak, and Nitishatak. A visit to this place will let you ponder on the poet as well as his works as well.