In March 1933, Heinrich Himmler ordered the construction of one of Germanys first concentration camps, just outside of Dachau (a small town near Munich). The first 5,000 prisoners were political enemies of the Nazi regime. In the following years, other social, ethnic, and racial enemies were imprisoned as Dachau grew to become the only concentration camp active during the entire Third Reich period (1933-1945).
At the time of liberation, over 200,000 prisoners from more than 30 nations wereimprisoned there. During the 1960s, the Dachau memorial was founded to investigate their plight. On this 5-hour tour with your native English-speaking memorial guide, you will explore what has become one of the most important centers of remembrance, contemplation, and learning in Germany today.
On this 5-hour tour you will explore the former SS Training Camp, Appellplatz (Roll Call Square), the Administration Building, the typical prisoners' arrival at the camp, prisoner categories and punishments, the Nandor Gild Monument, Religious Memorials, The Memorial to the "Unknown Prisoner", the camp's liberation in April 1945, and the story behind the founding of the concentration camps.