Johann Sebastian Bach Brandeburg Concerto No. 2
Johann Sebastian Bachs six Brandenburg concerti are heralded as some of the greatest works of the Baroque era, and are often performed today.
Bach compiled these previously composed six works during his tenure as
Kapellmeister (music director) in Cöthen, in honor of the Margrave of Brandenburg, Christian Ludwig.
The Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 may have been one of the last to be written, and it certainly seems like a special-occasion piece.
Concerto for Oboe and Violin in D minor: Though the manuscript to this concerto was lost, a reconstruction of it was made possible because, in 1736, Bach had arranged it as the Concerto for two harpsichords and orchestra in C minor (BWV 1060), a work whose score survived and served as a model for the original.
Concerto in D major Il Gardellino: The work, with its gentle themes for the flute soloist and bucolic harmonies for the string ripieno, lives up to its name. The opening Allegro is as light and evanescent as the opening of "Spring" from the Four Seasons.
Air on the G string: In the late 19th century violinist August Wilhelmj arranged the second movement of Bach's third Orchestral Suite for violin and an accompaniment of strings, piano or organ (harmonium). On the score he had "auf der G-Saite" (on the G string) printed above the stave for the solo violin, which gave the arrangement its nickname.