The Inca Empire Center: Huanuco Pampa - Huaraz

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Tour Information

Key Details

  • Mobile Voucher Accepted
  • Hotel pickup Available
  • Duration: 16 Hrs
  • Language:
  • Departure Time :
    05:00 AM Hotel pickups commence approximately 30 - 60 minutes prior to this timeTour departs within walking distance of the cruise port
  • Departure Details :
    Traveler pickup is offered
    if late or other matter please send us a message by whatsapp
  • Return Details :
  • Cancellation Policy :
    This activity is non-refundable Tours booked using discount coupon codes will be non refundable.


Wanuku Pampa or Wanuku Marka (Hispanicized spellings and names Hunuco Pampa, Hunuco Viejo, Hunuco Marca) is an archaeological site in Peru in the Hunuco Region, Dos de Mayo Province, La Unin District. The site lies on a plain above the Urqumayu or Vizcarra River in the north central Andes. Wanuku Pampa is one of the many administrative centers which is built along the highland Inca highway between Cusco and Quito. The land administrated at least five, and perhaps many more, ethnic groups. The city is situated on an important commercial trade route and sits on top of a plateau with ravines on all sides in order to allow easy defense of the city. Wanuku Pampa fell in the 1530s when Pedro de Alvarado besieged the city and burnt it to the ground

Know More about this tour

Wanuku Pampa is located at an elevation of 3,625 metres (11,893ft) on a plateau overlooking the Vizcarra River

This Inca center was designed after what is called the Architecture of Power. The Architecture of Power is the concept where buildings and spaces are intended to reinforce the image of the empire's might. At Wanuku Pampa the immense rectangular plaza measured 550m by 350m which is more than 19 hectares (47 acres). The pyramidal platform that was invariably erected in the center of the plaza or to one side of it was a stage from which officials could preside over state ceremonies. The imperial highway typically took a southeast-to-northwest passage through the plaza, just as it did in Cusco.

The City covered about 2km2, within which more than 4,000 buildings were erected. Pathways radiate out through architectural sectors from the plaza, so that the city can easily be divided up to 12 parts. Dr. Eduard Craig Morris believes that this design may have been a reflection of the relationships among the ethnic groups of the area. Much of the occupants of the land were not there to live permanently but rather many of them went in and out of the area to fulfill their duties or participate in ceremonial functions.

Wanuku Pampa is one of at least six sites that were called New Cuscos, built in the conceptual, if not actual, image of the capital.

Roads. Throughout Wanuku Pampa there is a road that goes through this city. The road is man made and extends throughout different countries, and does not just go through the country of Peru. The roads that go through Wanuku Pampa featured extended paved surfaces, paved staircases, stone drainage channels, retention walls, bridges and causeways. In some areas, the paved highway was 15m wide and one paved staircase was 16m wide, while two roads ran parallel along some stretches

Ceremonial Section
the ceremonial sections of Wanuku Pampa display rare, finely cut and fitted, Imperial Inca style masonry and appear as unusual building types. Most of the eastern part of the city is occupied by the Casa del Inca and the ushnu or castillo is the main central plaza. In order to get to the Casa del Inca, one must pass through gates made of high quality Imperial Inca style masonry with figures and carved pumas on either side and the connecting walls are constructed from pirqa, fieldstone set in mud. The connecting walls on the eastern side of the central plaza is called the kallanka, which are large building made from high quality pirqa masonry rather than cut and fitted stones. These large buildings may have functioned as barracks, counting houses or a variety of other purposes


Local guide

Hotel pickup (selected hotels only)

Hotel pickup and drop-off

Round-trip shared transfer

Air-conditioned vehicle



Food and drinks



Additional Info

Confirmation will be received at time of booking

No heart problems or other serious medical conditions

Not recommended for pregnant travelers

Not wheelchair accessible

Dress code is formal

Each traveler is allowed a maximum of 1 suitcase and 1 carry-on bag. Oversized or excessive luggage (e.g. surfboards, golf clubs or bikes) may have certain restrictions, please inquire with the operator prior to travel to confirm if your excess luggage is acceptable

Passport name, number, expiry and country is required at time of booking for all participants

Travelers should have a moderate physical fitness level

This experience requires good weather. If its canceled due to poor weather, youll be offered a different date or a full refund

This tour/activity will have a maximum of 15 travelers

Traveler Reviews

  • 04-Aug-2018

    You can probably expect to see a handful of visitors at this site as it is still relatively remote. A long day trip from Huaraz is just manageable. It can also be accessed from Huanuco via La Union. It is set over a large area and some of the ruins are difficult to visualize. There is a plan before you enter which is worth referring to (or in Craig Morris's book on Huanuco Pampa, published by Thames and Hudson) . Give yourself two to three hours at least. There is a circular and well-maintained route which leads you past some circular and restored structures (not particularly Inca stylistically) then after reaching a large parallel lineal structure, punctured by the path you are a short distance from the gently decaying ushnu platform structure. Although there are many Inca features, the stone used seems pretty friable (limestone and maybe sandstones, etc) and not the more permanent volcanic stones often used in other Inca sites. There are interesting carved features (various animals) around the key entrance points. Observe the hollowed stones midway along the top on all four walls. following this you are led through a series of double-jambed and maybe even a triple-jambed doorway past a major kallanka or hall and a series of smaller structures until you reach an area where you can see the a bathing area. This final sector is more in line with what you find at other Inca sites.